Cartelle & Lessa 1988
X. bahiense (type)
|Map showing the distribution of Macrauchenia in red, and Xenorhinotherium in yellow, inferred from fossil finds|
Some authors place X. bahiense in the genus Macrauchenia (as M. bahiensis, while still others consider it the same species as M. patachonica. The genus name Xenorhinotherium means "Strange-Nosed Beast" and bahiense refers to the Brazilian state of Bahia, where its fossils are found.
X. bahiense was a megafaunal herbivore that probably looked very much like a larger version of Macrauchenia, averaging around 5 meters in length, and was approximately 3 meters in height. In life, X. bahiense that is, vaguely like a very tall, humpless camel with and three toes on each foot, with either a small, saiga-like proboscis, or a moose-like nose.
Fossils of Xenorhinotherium, dating to the Late Pleistocene, have been found in the states of Bahia, the Jandaíra Formation of Rio Grande do Norte, and Minas Gerais in modern Brazil, and also in Venezuela, in the localities of Muaco, Taima-Taima and Cuenca del Lago.
- Morón, Camilo. 2015. Panorama geológico, paleontológico, arqueológico, histórico y mitológico del estado Falcón. Boletín Antropológico, Universidad de Los Andes 33. 104–126. Accessed 2017-09-29.
- Socorro, O.A.A. 2006. Tesoros paleontológicos de Venezuela, el Cuaternario del Estado Falcón, 1–120. Taima Taima, Instituto del Patrimonio Cultural.